The UAE’s significant first mission to Mars is under the path, after a victorious lift-off in Japan. It is, the Hope probe, launched on an H2- A rocket commencing Tanegashima spaceport. It has, at present, on a 500-million-km voyage to learn the planet’s weather, as well as climate. Earlier tries to release the probe in the previous week has to be canceled because of unfavorable weather.
The science leading on Hope, Her Excellency Sarah Al Amiri, spoke of her excitement and relief in seeing the rocket climb successfully into the sky. And she said the effect on her world would be the same as on America when her people watched the launch of the Apollo 11 Moon on July 20, 51 years ago.
In the late stages of preparation, the US and China both have surface rovers. Perseverance, the American mission, has sent their congratulations to Hope.
Why is the UAE going to Mars?
The UAE has little expertise in developing and producing spacecraft-and yet here only the USA, Russia, Europe and India have succeeded in doing it are trying. But it refers to the determination of the Emiratis to attempt to take this opportunity on board.
In just six years, their engineers, mentored by American experts, produced a sophisticated probe-and when this satellite arrives on Mars, it is expected to deliver new science, revealing fresh insights into the workings of the atmosphere of the planet.
Scientists in particular believe it can add to our understanding of how Mars lost much of its air and with it much of its water. The Hope probe is considered to be a vehicle for inspiration-something that will attract more youth in the Emirates and throughout the Arab region to take up the sciences in school and higher education.
The satellite is one of several initiatives that the UAE government says are signaling its intention to push the country away from reliance on oil and gas and into a digital economy-based future. When it comes to Mars, however, the risks are high as ever. Half of all missions that were sent to the Red Planet failed. Omran Sharaf, director of the Hope project, recognizes the dangers but insists his country is right to try.
What science will Hope do at Mars?
The Emiratis didn’t want to do research “on me too;” they didn’t want to show up on the Red Planet and replicate tests other people have already done. The recommendations from MEPAG framed the aims of Hope. The UAE satellite will, in one section, research how energy travels through the atmosphere-from bottom to top, at all hours throughout the day, and across all the seasons of the year. It will monitor features such as lofted dust which greatly influences atmospheric temperature on Mars.
This meant entering into a partnership with American universities that had the experience needed. Emirati and American engineers and scientists collaborated side by side to develop and build the spacecraft systems and the three onboard instruments that would research the earth.