Readers, Wake Up! The Future is Here….
‘IoT’ has transformed our usual mode of interaction with the physical world that surrounds us.
But the question arises what is “Internet of things”? Let us define it in simpler way.
“An inter-networking system has been set up, establishing a communicative network between all the physical devices that includes vehicles, buildings and other items, embedded with electronics or sensors, enabling the devices to collect and exchange datas. This is the key concept based on which the physical devices are integrated into the communicating networks, each ‘thing’ uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system and is able to interoperate within the existing Internet infrastructure.”
As Eric Schmidt, Google chairman, on a panel at the World Economic Forum, rightfully commented- “The Internet will disappear. There will be so many IP addresses, so many devices, sensors, things that you are wearing, things that you are interacting with, that you won’t even sense it. It will be part of your presence all the time. Imagine you walk into a room, and the room is dynamic. And with your permission and all of that, you are interacting with the things going on in the room.”
“The Internet of Things is not a concept; it is a network, the true technology-enabled Network of all networks.” – Edewede Oriwoh
Some information about Internet of things History:
The term “Internet Of Thinking” was first coined by Kevin Ashton of Procter & Gamble as early as 1999. He is the co-founder of Auto-Id Centre at MIT. He describes a system where the Internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors.
However the concept of a network of smart devices was thought of as early as 1982. A modified Coke machine at Carnegie Mellon University was the first Internet-connected appliance that was able to report its inventory and whether newly loaded drinks were cold or not. This very idea gained momentum in 1999 through the Auto-ID Center at MIT and related market-analysis publications. Ashton preferred the phrase “Internet for Things.” According to him, if all objects and people in daily life were equipped with identifiers, computers could manage them and a person’s ability to interact with objects could be easily altered remotely based on immediate or present needs, in accordance with existing end-user agreements.
The year of 2016 witnessed the evolution of the concept through a convergence of multiple technologies, including ubiquitous wireless communication, real-time analytics, machine learning, commodity sensors, and embedded systems.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is disrupting businesses, governments, and consumers and changing the way they interact with the world.
- Year 2017 estimation is that Companies are going to spend almost $5 trillion on the IoT in the next five years.
- It is estimated that the total figure of connected devices across all technologies will reach to 20.6 billion as reported by Gartner.
- Cisco’s report states that IoT will generate $14.4 trillion in value across all industries in the next decade, generating a huge positive impact on the world economy.
In Which Sectors Can ‘The Applications of IoT’, Be Profitably Utilised?
This new concept has a wide range of applications, spreading into almost every fields, practically taking control over our very existence.
>Sectors To Which The Technology Expands:
- Environmental Monitoring:
- Infrastructure Management
- Energy Management
- Medical and Healthcare
- Building and Home Automation
- Metropolitan Scale Deployments
- Consumer Application
>Let us cite few examples where the architecture of IoT can build Innovative and User-friendly devices:
- SMART HOMES:
A home equipped with modern equipments and home appliances that have the ability to interact with each other via a common network of communication and can be remotely controlled using a smartphone or a computer.
Any item that can be worn on your wrist. Eg: Smart Watch. IoT has made it possible to see many things on your wrist band or wrist watch. These watches can be used to read emails, getting notifications, health reports etc. That means, these wearables have made possible many things that we have thought only on computer.
- SMART CITY:
Smart city spans a wide variety of use cases, from traffic management to water distribution, to waste management, urban security and environmental monitoring etc. It aims at eliminating real pains of people living in cities these days. IoT solutions in the area of Smart City solve traffic congestion problems, reduce noise and pollution and help make cities safer.
- SMART GRID:
Smart grid make use of informations about the behaviors of electricity suppliers and consumers in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, and economics of electricity.
- CONNECTED CARS:
GM first coined this concept. It is a car that is equipped with Internet access, and usually also with a wireless local area network enabling the car to share internet access with other devices both inside as well as outside the vehicle.
- INDUSTRIAL INTERNET:
It is the integration and linking of big data, analytical tools and wireless networks with physical and industrial equipment to the distributed system.
- CONNECTED HEALTH:
It is a service model for healthcare management that uses technology to provide healthcare services remotely. Connected health aims to maximize healthcare resources and provide increased, flexible opportunities for consumers to engage with clinicians and better self-manage their care.
- SMART RETAIL:
IoT has come up with solutions to reduce the complications of the Retail Industry making it more customer centric, offering desired services to their end users, at the same time, minutely monitoring the functioning of its different components.
- SMART FARMING:
This concept seeks to draw important datas relating to monitoring and early detection of reproduction events and health disorders in animals using sensors embedded in them. Typical monitored data are the body temperature, the animal activity, tissues resistivity, pulse and the GPS position
- SMART SUPPLY CHAIN:
The same concept has been applied to the Logistic Industry, making it more efficient by reducing the losses based on human error.
Human evolution has been triggered due to their highly inquisitive nature. The vision to make machines smart enough to reduce human labour and remove human error has been achieved. Technology has created a magic wand in guise of IoT that has altered the very notion of Smart Living. Now it is possible to operate our home appliances by means of an external device without physically operating them. Eg: Air conditioner will be smart enough to adjust the temperature or shut down by itself without the aid of any external device. This concept is applicable in all fields which will remove the human error and build a smooth, faultless and smart infrastructure.
Sounding like a Sci-Fi Movie? Well, this is not a film but a reality, an unforeseen future that has become an ESTABLISHED FACT.
Fluper believes technology is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. The interconnection of these embedded devices is expected to automate all the objects, surrounding us, thereby enabling advanced applications like a smart grid, and expanding to areas such as smart cities.